WHY STEP ONE?
WHAT WILL I LEARN?
In Step One we present the Alphabet by name and sound. We also discern
the separation of vowels and consonants. We teach people to teach others.
Every student in our course must have a supervisor who understands the
curriculum content and who is willing to sacrifice the necessary time.
As the teacher or supervisor, we teach you to help your student to hear the
Alphabetic location of each letter in a familiar or unfamiliar word. Your
student will learn to detect whether the letter is at the beginning, middle, or
end of a word just by hearing it's sound!
The student will learn to form words and short sentences with the use of
hands-on manipulatives by dictation.
There will be stories and dramatizations plus many game activities which
provide entertaining qualities, as well as directness to learning with repetition
and drill. Original songs set to traditional children's melodies will create for
you and your student a fun atmosphere of learning that will entertain
parents and grandparents alike.
Good suggestions and "How to" exercises make these classes a must for all
who are interested in the early beginning of their children's scholastic
upbringing or in the challenge of attacking English as a second language.
These classes are beneficial for others who want a stronger foundation in
their reading skills and they are a superior choice for those who home school
their young. As you will discover, STEP ONE lays the first solid foundation of
a lifetime of reading knowledge.
SOME POINTS TO CONSIDER:
1.Betty Tillapaugh, a Reading Specialist in the State of Arizona, did extensive research on the phonetic approach to the English
language some years back. Her findings included the following:
2.There are 1320 one syllable words that contain the short vowel sounds. i.e. hat bed lid hot nut etc. Only 88 of these are not
purely phonetic and must be memorized as sight words. The others are easily sounded out.
3.Tillapaugh claims that a person who has a thorough knowledge of phonics will be able to attack independently 94 percent of our
English words that contain just the short sounds of vowels.
4.There are 268 words containing the short sound of "a" as in "at".
5.There are 223 words containing the short sound of "e" as in "get".
6.There are 365 words containing the short sound of "i" as in "pig".
7.There are 134 one syllable words containing the short vowel sound of "o" as in "mop".
8.There are 251 one syllable words containing the short sound of "u" as in "mud".
9.An individual will have independent command of 62 percent of the phonetic syllables of the entire English language when he
recognizes short vowel blends. i.e. Blends with short vowels: Fred (Fr is the blend.), plan (pl is the blend), etc.
10.When the ability to sound correctly all of the consonants and the long and short sounds of the vowels is fully mastered, the
student will have the first foundation of the necessary phonetic skills which build the English language and he will thereby be ready
to attack the final 28 percent that remains.
11.As you can see, the conclusive studies of this Arizona Reading Specialist prove once again the importance of the mastery of
WHY STEP TWO?
Betty Tillapaugh, a Reading specialist in the State of Arizona, did extensive research on the phonetic approach to the English
language some years back. Her findings included the following:
Forty-four basic sounds, or phonemes, comprise the spoken English language. These sounds are combined or blended together to
form parts of speech called words. Words are composed of one or more syllables, or separate units of utterance.
A sentence is a string of words spoken one after another to communicate a thought. Naturally, correct pronunciation is needed to
enhance understanding of the spoken words.
There are 251 combinations of letters from the English alphabet which are used to form 44 sounds. These combinations of letters
are called graphemes.
Listening is considered very important and it is a skill essential to good communication, for without proper understanding of the
spoken word, there is only weak communication at best.
There are 1,320 one syllable words that contain short vowel sounds. Only 88 of these monosyllables are not purely phonetic and
must be comprehended as sight words.
A person who has a thorough knowledge of phonetics will be able to independently attack 94 percent of our English words that
contain the short sounds of vowels.
Ten percent of our English syllables contain the long sounds of vowels made long by a final e. Ten percent of our English syllables
contain long vowel equivalents, or digraphs, which is a combination of two letters representing a single elementary sound.
There are 3,378 monosyllables in our English language that contain vowel elements. Only 447 of these must be taught as sight
An individual will have independent command of 62 percent of our phonetic syllables when he or she recognizes short vowel
blends. he or she will have the key to unlock another 20 percent of our phonetic syllables when he or she understands blends with
vowels made long by final and long vowel equivalents. An understanding of vowels modified by r will contribute another 10
percent to the individual's reading ability. Only 8 percent of the reading situations confronting the person will need to be dealt with
as special cases, or word analysis. Even then phonetic rules govern.
When Step Two is fully mastered, the student will have a solid foundation of the necessary phonetic skills upon which the English
language is built.
The STEP TWO classes will have much review for the visual and sound
recognition of Alphabetic combinations. It is necessary that the content of
STEP ONE be mastered before beginning the study of STEP TWO. This
means that a student commencing the study of the second Step should know
the Alphabet by name and sound, recognize vowels and consonants in their
classification and be able to spell three letter words by hearing the location of the
letters, whether they be sounded in the beginning, middle or the end of the word.
In Step Two we will present visual and sound recognition. A partial list
includes the following:
Digraphs (sh ch tch th wh gh gn kn ph ck)
Blends (br cr dr fr gr tr str sn sp st sw sm tw bl cl fl gl pl sl)
Vowel combinations (ee ea ai ay oa)
Vowel Diphthongs (aw ew ow ou oi oy)
R Controlled Vowels (ar er ir or ur ire are air ore ure)
Ending Parts Of Words (ss ll and alk amp ind ight ice ire our out ing)
Y As A Consonant And Vowel
The Long And Short Sound Of Oo
S When It Sounds Like Z
Hard And Soft C And G
Diacritical markings will be presented in these classes for all phonetic words
that we teach. Your student will be given rules to learn. He or she will be
asked to practice the application of these rules with their markings. Your
student also will learn to exercise the ability to take written dictation of
words, sentences or paragraphs.
He or she will learn to pronounce words already coded with diacritical
markings. Reading, writing, and spelling skills will increase as the student is
taught, reinforced, and reviewed with drill.
There are stories and dramatizations in the written format. Many novel and
innovative game activities are also introduced, while original songs set to
traditional children's melodies add spice to this creative approach to
The classes will be complete and much more than you could expect for
preparing any student for a future of reading. However, in order for the
classes to be productive you must be prepared to give yourself and your time
to the student of your choice.
WHY STEP THREE?
When each student has understood the content of this manual and is able to make application to his or her reading opportunities, he
or she will be able to pick up any English dictionary that has its own code to follow, and will quite rapidly "catch on" to dissecting
difficult words for proper pronunciation!!!
The Romance Languages will be much easier to understand. Each student will be able to duplicate almost any colloquial speech
patterns regionally or nationally in any country, if he or she can hear a word pronounced, and code it into PARSI so that the word
can be read accurately in English.
A person who has a thorough knowledge of just the Consonants and simple short Vowels will be able to independently attack 94%
of the 1,320 one syllable words in the English language that contain short vowels alone. (Researched by Arizona Reading
Specialist Betty Tillapaugh)
In this PARSI Course Manual your students will be introduced to over 250 Diacritical Markings and over 440 combinations of
sound variations. They will learn to dissect and reconstruct word parts according to various sound structures and they will be
challenged as they learn to master eleven sounds of A, six sounds of E, four sounds of I, seven sounds of O and seven sounds of
U plus many more sound variations and combinations not seen in any other course on the market.