MARKINGS
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MARKINGS

sh
Digraphs are two or more consonants that come together to form one unique sound.
sh she   ch church  tch catch  th them
ck kick   wh when  gh ghost  ph phone
gh fought  (Gh is silent here.)   gn gnat  kn knot

bl
Blends are two or more consonants that come together
in such a way that each consonant's sound flows smoothly into the other.
br brag   cr credit  dr drive  fr Fred
gr grand  tr tray   str street  sn snow
sp spank  st star   sw swing  sm smack
tw twin  bl black   cl climb  fl flag
gr glass  pl place

short vowels a  e  i  o  u

long vowels a  e  i  o  u

sounds like k c

sounds like s c

sounds like g g

sounds like j j

double consonants ss

double vowels ea

vowel, consonant, vowel     final  e e

 ild old

short  oo

long  oo

hard c  c

soft c  c

hard g  g

soft g  g

sounds like e  i

y is a vowel at the end of a word  ay

murmur diphthongs ar er

 ir or

 ur are

 ere ire

 ore ure

l controlled a  a

a sounds like short o  a

y is a vowel at the end of a word  y
 
middle of word  y

sounds like e  y

s sounds like z  s

gh is silent night eigh

Blow it!  th

Vocalize it!  th

q needs u  qu

sounds like sh  s

sounds like th  t

sounds like gs  x

sounds like f  gh

sounds like long oo  u

sounds like sh  ch

sounds like k  ch

sounds like ng  n

sounds like short oo  o

sounds like er  or

l controlled  u
  
  a

vowel diphthong aw  aw

sounds like shun  sion

  tion

a sounds like short e  a

e sounds like long a  e

sounds like short u  u

sounds like long oo  o


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